The International Politics of Afghanistan and South Asia

University of Cambridge (2011)

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Course Handbook


1. Historical Background and Major Issues

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Notes for Lecture 1

Reading

Required Reading

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Hilali, A.Z. (2006) ‘Cold War Politics of Superpowers in South Asia,’ The Dialogue, Vol.1, No.2 (Apr-Jun 2006)

Sridharan, E. (2011) International Relations Theory and South Asia (Oxford UP)
  • Volume I
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  • Ch.1 – Sovereignty Tradeoffs and Regional Integration

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    Ch.2 – Regional Dynamics of Emerging Powers

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    Ch.3 – SAARC: The Search for a Regional Security Model

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    Ch.4 – The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations

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    Ch.5 – Redesigning the Architecture of the State

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    Ch.6 – Foreign Policy Reversal

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    Ch.7 – Domestic Bases of Foreign Policy

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    Ch.8 – The Political Economy of Preferential Trade

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    Ch.9 – Obstacles to Bangladesh-India Cooperation

  • Volume II

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    Ch.1 – Structural Realism and South Asian Security

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    Ch.2 – Economic Cooperation and Security

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    Ch.3 – Nuclear Deterrence Thinking in Pakistan

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    Ch.5 – Unpacking “National Interest” and “Foreign Policy”

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    Ch.6 – Pakistan’s India Policy

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    Ch.7 – IR Theory and the Political Economy of Trade

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    Ch.8 – Gains from Trade and Structural Impediments

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    Ch.9 – The Hindutva Worldview and South Asia

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    Ch.11 – The Normative Politics of Regime Formation

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    Ch.12 – A Conspicuous Absence

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    Ch.13 – Hybridity, Imaginations and Diasporic Otherness

Hagerty, D.T. (2005) South Asia in World Politics (Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield), Introduction & Chapter 4

Shastri, A. & A.J. Wilson (eds) (2001) The Post Colonial States of South Asia: Democracy, identity, development and security (Richmond: Curzon), Introduction and Chapter 4

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Nazir, P. (2000) ‘Origins of Debt, Mortgage and Alienation of Land in Early Modern Punjab,’ The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol.27, No.3, pp.55-91

Recommended Reading

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Adas, M. (2004) ‘Contested Hegemony: The Great War and the Afro-Asian assault on the civilising mission ideology,’ Journal of World History, Vol.15, No.1, pp.31-63

Haugaard, M. & H. Lentner (eds) (2006) Hegemony and Power: Consensus and coercion in contemporary politics, (Oxford: Lexington), Chapters 1,4,5 & 6

Rubin, Barry (2002) The Fragmentation of Afghanistan, (London: Yale UP), Introduction & Part 1

Kakar, M.H. (2006) Political and Diplomatic History of Afghanistan (Leiden: Brill)
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    Introduction

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    Ch.1 – The Reign of Amir Sher ‘Ali Khan’

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    Ch.2 – The British Afghan War and the Accession of Amir Khan

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    Ch.3 – The Afghan Victory at Maiwand and the Reunification of Afghanistan

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    Ch.5 – The Great Ghilzay Uprising and Its Suppression

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    Ch.6 – The Revolt of Sardar Khan and Its Suppression

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    Ch.7 – The Pacification of the Border Principalities in Northern Afghanistan

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    Ch.8 – The Pacification of the Hazaras

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    Ch.9 – The Conquest of Former Kafiristan

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    Ch.11 – Relations with Russia and the Russian Occupation of Panjdeh

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    Ch.12 – Relations with Persia and the Ottoman Turkey

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    Conclusion

Further Reading

Tan, T.Y. & G. Kudaisya (2008) Partition and Post Colonial South Asia (London: Routledge), Vol.3, Part 2

Khan, Y. (2007) The Great Partition: The making of India and Pakistan (New Haven: Yale UP)

Gregorian, V. (1969) Emergence of Modern Afghanistan (Stanford UP)

Kakar, H.K. (1979) Government and Society in Afghanistan (Austin, TX: University of Texas)


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2. Relations between South Asian Countries: regional and global context

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Notes for Lecture 2

Reading

Required Reading

Hagerty, D.T. (2005) South Asia in World Politics (Rowman & Littlefield), Chapters 1, 2 & 6

Kux, Dennis (2006) India-Pakistan Negotiation: Is past still prologue? (US Institute of Peace)

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Blank, Stephen (2005) Natural Allies? Regional Security in Asia and Prospects for India (Strategic Studies Institute)

Recommended Reading

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Sridharan, E. (2011) International Relations Theory and South Asia (Oxford UP) FULL TEXT ABOVE

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Centre for International and Strategic Studies (2008) ‘India and Pakistan in Afghanistan: hostile sports,’ South Asia Monitor, No.117

Prajapati, V. (2003) Politics and Power in South Asia (Delhi: Commonwealth), Chapters 1,2,4 & 8

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Zang, Guihong (2003) US Security Policy Toward South Asia After September 11th and its Implications for China: a Chinese perspective(Henry L. Stimson Center)

Further Reading

Shastri, Amita & A.J. Wilson (eds) (2000) The Postcolonial States of South Asia: Political and constitutional problems (Routledge), Chapter 13

Griffiths, M. (2003) ‘Self-inflicted Wounds: United States Grand Strategy and the War on Terror APSA Conference Paper

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Ollapally, Deepa (2008) The Politics of Extremism in South Asia (Cambridge: CUP)SEE SIDEBAR

McLeod, D. (2008) India and Pakistan: friends, rivals or enemies? (Aldershot: Ashgate)

Katyal, K.K. (2006) Journey to Amity: India and Musharraf’s Pakistan (Delhi: Anand)

Kumar, S. (2006) India and Pakistan: Issues in foreign relations (Delhi: Anmol)

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3. The Rise of Political Religion in South Asia: regional and international dimensions

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Notes for Lecture 3

Reading

Required Reading

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Advisory Group on Public Diplomacy for the Arab and Muslim World (2003) ‘Changing Minds, Winning Peace: A new strategic direction in US public diplomacy in Arab and Muslim world’

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Kaplan, David (2005) ‘Hearts, Minds and Dollars: in an unseen front on the War on Terrorism,’ US News

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Benard, Cheryl (2003) ‘Civil Democratic Islam: partners, resources, strategies,’ (Rand Report MR1716)

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US National Strategy for Combating Terrorism (2003) Muslim World Outreach Program

Thomas, Scott (2005) The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations: the struggle for the soul of the 21st century (Palgrave Macmillan), Part I

Shastri, A. & A.J. Wilson (eds) (2001) The Post Colonial States of South Asia: Democracy, identity, development and security (Richmond: Curzon), Chapter 6

Recommended Reading

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Nazir, Pervaiz (2007) ‘Political Islam and the Media,’ Policy Perspectives, Vol.4, No.2, pp.21-39

Hagerty, D.T. (2005) South Asia in World Politics (Rowman & Littlefield), Chapter 9

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Das, Runa (2003) ‘Postcolonial (In)Securities, the BJP and the Politics of Hindutva: broadening the security paradigm between the realist and anti-nuclear/peace groups in India,’ Third World Quarterly, Vol.24, No.1 (Feb 2003), pp.77-96

Further Reading

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Sridharan, E. (2011) International Relations Theory and South Asia (Oxford UP) FULL TEXT ABOVE

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Hay, William (2006) ‘What is Democracy? Liberal institutions and stability in changing societies’ Orbis Vol.50, No.1 (Winter), pp.133-151

Casanova, J. (1994) Public Religions in the Modern World (Chicago), Part I

Wingfield, R.D. (2007) Modernity Religion and the War on Terror (Aldershot: Ashgate), Chapters 1 & 4

Talbot, I. (ed) (2007) Deadly Embrace: Religion, politics and violence in India and Pakistan (Oxford:OUP)

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4. The Threat of War and the Nuclear Issue in South Asia

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Notes for Lecture 4

Reading

Required Reading

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Quinlan, Michael (2005) ‘India-Pakistan Deterrence Revisited,’ Survival, Vol.47, No.3, pp.103-116

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Pilat, Joseph (2007) ‘The End fo the NPT Regime?’ International Affairs, Vol.83, No.3, pp.469-482

Bajoria, J. (2008) The US-India Nuclear Deal (Council on Foreign Relations)

Recommended Reading

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Sridharan, E. (2011) International Relations Theory and South Asia (Oxford UP) FULL TEXT ABOVE

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MccGwire, Michael (2006) ‘Nuclear Deterrence,’ International Affairs, Vol.82, No.4, pp.771-784

Hagerty, D.T. (2005) South Asia in World Politics (Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield), Introduction & Chapter 7

Dittmer, Lowell (ed) (2005) South Asia’s Nuclear Security Dilemma: India, Pakistan and China (NY: Sharpe), Introduction, Chapters 1, 2 & 8

Further Reading

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Smith, Derek (2006) Deterring America: Rogue States and the proliferation of the weapons of mass destruction (Cambridge: CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

Basrur, R.M. (2008) South Asia’s Cold War: nuclear weapons and conflict (London: Routledge), Chapters 1,4 & 4

Domain, P. (2006) Elusive Peace: India and Pakistan (Delhi: Kaveri)

Sridharan, E. (ed) (2007) The India-Pakistan Nuclear Relationship: theories of deterrence and international relations (London: Routledge)

Bidwai, P. & A. Vanaik (2001) South Asia on a Short Fuse (Oxford: OUP)


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5. The Kashmir Problem

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Notes for Lecture 5

Reading

Required Reading

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Prakash, Siddhartha (2000) ‘The Political Economy of Kashmir Since 1947,’ Contemporary South Asia, Vol.9, No.3, pp.315-337

Hagerty, D.T. (2005) South Asia in World Politics (Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield), Introduction & Chapter 7

Wirsing, R.G. (2003) Kashmir in the Shadow of War (NY: Sharpe), Parts 1 & 2

Recommended Reading

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Ganguly, Sumit (2006) ‘Will Kashmir Stop India’s Rise,’ Foreign Affairs, Vol.85, No.4, pp.45-56

Shastri, A. & A.J. Wilson (eds) (2001) The Post Colonial States of South Asia: Democracy, identity, development and security (Richmond: Curzon), Introduction and Chapter 14

Further Reading

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Ellis, Patricia & Zafar Khan (2003) ‘Kashmiri displacement and the impact on Kashmiriyat,’ Contemporary South Asia, Vol.12, No.4, pp.523-538

Lamb, Alastair (1994) ‘The Indian Claim to Jammu and Kashmir,’ Contemporary South Asia, Vol.3, No.1, pp.67-72

Puri, L. (2011) Across the Line of Control: inside Pakistan-administered Kashmir (London:Hurst)

Singh, G. (2001) Autonomy or Secession? Jammu and Kashmir (Delhi: Anand)

Koithara, V. (2004) Crafting Peace in Kashmir Through a Realist Lens (Delhi: Sage)

Adeney, K. (2007) Federalism and Ethnic Conflict Resolution in India and Pakistan (Basingstoke: Palgrave)

Swami, P. (2007) India, Pakistan and the Secret Jihad: the covert war in Kashmir, 1947-2004 (London: Routledge)

Hewitt, V. (1997) The New International Relations of India and Pakistan (Manchester), Chapter 1

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6. Afghanistan: Soviet invasion resistance and the rise of the Taliban

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Notes for Lecture 6

Reading

Required Reading

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Hirschkind, Charles & Saba Mahmoood (2002) ‘Feminism, the Taliban and the Politics of Counter-Insurgency,’ Anthropological Quarterly, Vol.5, No.2, pp.339-354

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Laub, Zachary (2014) ‘The Taliban in Afghanistan’ (Council on Foreign Relations)

Rubin, Barry (2002) The Fragmentation of Afghanistan (London: Yale UP)

Murshed, S.I. (2006) Afghanistan: the Taliban years (London: Bennet & Bloom), Chapters 1,2,4,6 & 7

Recommended Reading

Oeppen, C. et al (eds) (2010) Beyond the Wild Tribes: understanding modern Afghanistan and its Diaspora (London: Hurst)
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    Introduction

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    4. The Situation of Women and Girls in Afghanistan

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    5. The Political Economy of Normlessness in Afghanistan

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    6. Keeping the Peace: gender, justice and authority

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    7. Dilemmas of Governance in Afghanistan

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    8. What Prevents Afghanistan Becoming a Landbridge?

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    9. The Return of the Refugee Warrior

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    10. The Afghan Diaspora and the Reconstruction of Afghanistan

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    11. The Circulation of Music Between Afghanistan and the Diaspora

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    12. Afghan Migratory Strategies

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    Notes

Rashid, A. (2000) Taliban: Islam, oil and the new great game in Central Asia (London: IB Tauris)

Kakar, M.A. (1995) Afghanistan: Soviet Invasion and Afghan Response (London: California)

Further Reading

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Dorronsoro, Gilles (1995) Current History, Vol.94, No.588 (Jan 1995), pp.37-40

Johnson, R. (2011) The Afghan Way of War (London: Hurst)

Sreedhar et al (1997) Taliban and the Afghan Turmoil: the role of USA, Pakistan, Iran and China (Delhi: Himalayan)

Nojumi, N. (2003) The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan (Basingstoke: Palgrave)

Hammond, T.T. (1984) Red Flag Over Afghanistan (Epping: Bowker)

Weaver, M.A. (2003) Pakistan: in the shadow of Jihad and Afghanistan (NY: Farrar)

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7. US Invasion of Afghanistan and the War on Terror: emergence of the Neo-Taliban

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Notes for Lecture 7

Reading

Required Reading

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Hirschkind, Charles & Saba Mahmoood (2002) ‘Feminism, the Taliban and the Politics of Counter-Insurgency,’ Anthropological Quarterly, Vol.5, No.2, pp.339-354

Afghanistan Special (2001) Survival, Vol.51, No.1
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    Roberts, Adam – Doctrine and Reality in Afghanistan, pp.29-60

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    Synnott, Hilary – What is Happening in Pakistan? pp.61-80

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    Gates, Robert – Afghan Q&A, pp.81-82

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    Rubin et al – The Way Forward in Afghanistan, pp.83-96

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    Petraeus, David – Afghan Q&A, pp.97-98

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    Braithwaite, Rodric – Afghan Diary, pp.99-118

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Euben, Roxanne (2002) ‘Killing (For) Politics: jihad, martyrdom and political action,’ Political Theory, Vol.30, No.1, pp.4-35

Recommended Reading

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Joscelyn, Thomas & Bill Roggio (2009) ‘US Outlines New Afghanistan Strategy,’ Long War Journal, 27 March, 2009

Linschoten, A.S. & F. Kuehn (2011) An Enemy We Created: the myth of the Taliban/Al-Qaeda merger in Afghanistan, 1970-2010 (London: Hurst)

Newman et al (2009) Politics Most Unusual: violence, sovereignty and democracy in the war on terror (Basingstoke: Palgrave) Chapters 2,3 & 4

Further Reading

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Roberts, Adam (2005) ‘The “War on Terror” in Historical Perspective,’ Survival, Vol.47, No.2, pp.101-130

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McInnes, Colin (2003) ‘A Different Kind of War? September 11 and the United States’ Afghan War,’ Review of International Studies, Vol.29, No.2, pp.165-184

Hodes, Cyrus & Marc Sedra (2007) ‘The Search for Security in Post-Taliban Afghanistan,’ Adelphi Series, Vol.47, No.391
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    Introduction

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    1. Warlordism, pp.1-12

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    2. Spoiler Groups and the Anti-Government Insurgency, pp.17-33

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    3. The Opium Trade, pp.35-42

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    4. International Military Support, pp.43-50

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    5. Security Sector Reform, pp.51-93

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    Conclusion

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    Notes

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Bajoria, Jayshree (2009) ‘The Troubled Afghan-Pakistani Border,’ (Council on Foreign Relations

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Johnson, Thomas & M. Chris Mason (2008) ‘No Sign Until the First Burst of Fire: understanding the Pakistan-Afghanistan Frontier,’ International Security, Vol.32, No.4, pp.41-77

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International Crisis Group (2004) ‘Elections and Security in Afghanistan,’ Asia Briefing, No.31

Suhrke, A. (2011) When More is Less: the international project in Afghanistan (London: Hurst)

Kilcullen, D. (2009) The Accidental Guerrilla (London: Hurst), Chapters 1,2 & 5

Giustozzi, A. (2007) Koran, Kalashnikov and Laptop: the Neo-Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan (London: Hurst)

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8. Islamization, Talibanization and the Insurgency of Pakistan

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Notes for Lecture 8

Reading

Required Reading

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Nazir, Pervaiz (2010) ‘War on Terror in Pakistan and Afghanistan: discursive and political contestations,’ Critical Studies on Terrorism, Vol.3, No.1, pp.63-81

Samad, Y. (2001) The Pakistan-US Conundrum: jihadists, the military and the people – the struggle for control (London: Hurst)

Beattie, H. (2002) Imperial Frontier: tribe and state in Waziristan (Richmond: Curzon), Chapters 1,8,10 & 13

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Rubin, Barnett (2007) ‘Saving Afghanistan,’ Foreign Affairs, Vol.86, No.1 (Jan-Feb), pp.57-74, 76-78

Recommended Reading

Afghanistan Special (2001) Survival, Vol.51, No.1
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    Roberts, Adam – Doctrine and Reality in Afghanistan, pp.29-60

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    Synnott, Hilary – What is Happening in Pakistan? pp.61-80

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    Gates, Robert – Afghan Q&A, pp.81-82

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    Rubin et al – The Way Forward in Afghanistan, pp.83-96

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    Petraeus, David – Afghan Q&A, pp.97-98

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    Braithwaite, Rodric – Afghan Diary, pp.99-118

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International Crisis Group (2009) ‘Pakistan: the militant jihadi challenge,’ Asia Report No.164

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Jones, Seth (2007) ‘Pakistan’s Dangerous Game,’ Survival, Vol.49, No.1 (Spring 2007), pp.15-32

Hagerty, D.T. (2005) South Asia in World Politics (Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield), Introduction & Chapter 12

Lieven, A. (2011) Pakistan: A Hard Country (London: Penguin)

Further Reading

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Kronstadt, K. Alan (2008) ‘Pakistan’s Political Crises,’ CRS Report for Congress, RL34240, Congressional Research Service

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Bajoria, Jayshree (2009) ‘The Troubled Afghan-Pakistani Border,’ (Council on Foreign Relations

Sinno, Abdulkader H. & Rasul Bakhsh Rais (2008) ‘Post–September 11 Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations: prospects for counter-insurgency cooperation,’ NBR Analysis, National Bureau of Asian Research, Vol.19, No.5, 1 December 2008

Warren, A. (2000) Waziristan, the Faqir of Ipi and the Indian Army: the NWFP revolt of 1936-37 (Oxford: OUP)

Haqqani, H. (2005) Pakistan: Between mosque and military (Washington: Carnegie)

Stewart, J. (2006) The Khyber Rifles: from the British Raj to Al-Qaeda (Stroud: Sutton)


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