The International Relations of the Modern Middle East

University of Cambridge (2011)

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Course Handbook


Lectures 1-3

1. The Pre-Colonial Period: The Middle East’s Awakening

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Notes for Lecture 1

2. The Colonial Period, 1918-1940

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Notes for Lecture 2

3. Post-Imperial Politics and State Building

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Notes for Lecture 3

Reading for Lectures 1-3

Required Reading

Cleveland, W.L & M. Bunton (2009) A History of the Modern Middle East (4th edition) (Routledge), Parts 2, 3 and 4

Bromley, S. (1994) Rethinking Middle East Politics: State formation and development (Cambridge: Polity), Chapters 1 & 3
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    Ch.1 – Understanding the Middle East

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    Ch.3 – Rethinking Middle East Politics

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Ajami, Fuad (2005) The Arab Predicament (2nd edition), Introduction

Halliday, Fred (1996) Islam and the Myth of Confrontation (IB Tauris), Chapters 1 & 4
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    Ch.1 – The Middle East and International Politics

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    Ch.4 – Islam and the West

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Henry & Springborg (2011) Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East (Cambridge: CUP), Chapter 2
SEE SIDEBAR

Joffe ́, E.G.H. (2006) ‘Politics in the Muslim world: Morocco, Iran and Indonesia,’ chapter in L.E. Graham (ed.) The Politics of Governing: A comparative introduction,(Washington, DC: CQ Press)

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Lawson, Fred (2006) Constructing International Relations in the Arab World (Stanford UP), Chapter 1

Recommended Reading

Cleveland, W.L. & M. Bunton (2009) A History of the Modern Middle East, (4th edition), Part 1

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Owen, Roger (2000) State, Power and Politics in the Making of the Middle East (2nd edition), Chapters 2-6

Fromkin, David (1989) A Peace to End All Peace, Parts 9 and 10


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Lectures 4-6

4. Resources, Economics and Oil

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Notes for Lecture 4

5. Identity and Ideology: Pan Arabism and the Stirrings of Political Islam

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Notes for Lecture 5

6. Revolution and Three Gulf Wars: Secularism, Sectarianism and Terrorism

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Notes for Lecture 6

Reading for Lectures 4-6

Required Reading

Cleveland, W.L. & M. Bunton (2009) A History of the Modern Middle East, (4th edition), Part 5

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Cole, Juan (2006) ‘A “Shi’ite Crescent”? The Regional Impact of the Iraq War,’ Current History (January 2006), pp.20-26

Nasr, Vali (2007) The Shi’a Revival, Introduction, Chapters 7-9
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    Introduction

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    Ch.7 – Iraq: The First Arab Shia State

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    Ch.8 – The Rise of Iran

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    Ch.9 – The Battle for the Middle East

Dodge, Toby (2005) Inventing Iraq: The failure of nation building and a history denied (Columbia UP), Chapters 1 & 2
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    Ch.1 – Understanding the Mandate in Iraq

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    Ch.2 – The Mandate System, the End of Imperialism and the Birth of the Iraqi State

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Mottahedeh, Roy (2003) ‘The Clash of Civilizations: An Islamicist’s Critique,’ in Emran Qureshi & Michael Sells (eds) The New Crusades: Constructing the Muslim enemy (Columbia University Press), pp. 131-151

Yergin, Daniel (2009) The Prize: The epic quest for oil, money and power (Simon & Schuster), Chapters 7-15

Ansari, Ali (2003) Modern Iran Since 1921 (Longman), Chapters 8 & 9
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    Ch.8 – Revolution, War and ‘Islamic Republic’

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    Ch.9 – Conclusion: A Century of Reform and Revolution

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Ehteshami, Anoushiravan (2003) ‘Reform from Above: The politics of participation in the oil monarchies,’ International Affairs, Vol.79, No.1, pp.53-75

Ehteshami, Anoushiravan & Gerd Nonneman (2006) War and Peace in the Gulf: Domestic politics and regional relations in the 1990s, Chapters 3, 4 & 6
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    Ch.3 – Iraq and the Arab States of the Gulf

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    Ch.4 – The Military Balance in the Gulf

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    Ch. 6 – Documents

Fawn, Rick & Raymond Hinnebusch (eds) (2006) The Iraq War: Causes and Consequences, Chapters 14, 16, 17 & 23
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    Ch.14 – Iran: Wary Neutral

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    Ch.16 – Turkey: Recalcitrant Ally

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    Ch.17 – War and Resistance in Iraq

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    Ch.23 – Hegemonic Stability Theory Reconsidered: Implications of the Iraq War

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Gheissari, Ali & Vali Nasr (2004) ‘Iran’s Democracy Debate,’ Middle East Policy, Vol.9, No.2, pp.94-106

Salem, Paul (1994) The Bitter Legacy: Ideology and politics in the Arab world (Syracuse UP)

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Sadowski, Yahya (2006) ‘Political Islam: Asking the wrong questions?’ Annual Review of Political Science, No.9, pp.215-240

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Sluglett, Peter (2008) ‘Imperial Myopia: Some lessons from two invasions of Iraq,’ Middle East Journal, Vol.62, No.4 (Autumn 2008), pp.593-609

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Stevens, Paul (2008) ‘National Oil Companies and International Oil Companies in the Middle East: Under the shadow of government and the resource nationalism cycle,’ The Journal of World Energy, Law and Business, Vol.1, No.1, pp.5-30

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Telhami, Shibley & Michael Barnett (2002) Identity and Foreign Policy in the Middle East (Cornell UP), Chapter 1

Recommended Reading

Lynch, Marc (1999) State Interests and Public Spheres: The international politics of Jordan’s identity (Columbia UP)

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Lynch, Marc (2003) ‘Taking Arabs Seriously,’ Foreign Affairs, Vol.82, No.5 (Sep-Oct 2003), pp.81-94

Halliday, Fred (1996) Islam and the Myth of Confrontation, Chapters 2 & 3
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    Ch.2 – The Middle East and the Politics of Differential Integration

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    Ch.3 – The End of Historical Attachments

Schofield, Richard (2004) ‘Position, Function, Symbol: The Shatt-al Arab dispute in perspective,’ in Lawrence Potter & Gary G. Sick (eds) Iran, Iraq and the Legacies of War (Palgrave Macmillan)

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Ross, Michael L. (2001) ‘Does Oil Hinder Democracy?’ World Politics, Vol.53, No.3 (Apr 2001), pp.325-361


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Lectures 7 & 8

7. The Middle East and the EU

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Notes for Lecture 7

8. Relations with the US and the Outside World

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Notes for Lecture 8

Reading for Lectures 7 & 8

Required Reading

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Joffé, George (2007) ‘The European Union and the Mediterranean,’ in M. Teló (ed) European Union and the New Regionalism (Ashgate)

Del Sarto, Rafaela (2006) Contested State Identities and Regional Security in the Euro-Mediterranean Area (Palgrave Macmillan), Chapters 1-3
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    Ch.1 – Region-building and Contested State Identities

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    Ch.2 – Theoretical Framework

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    Ch.3 – Historical Background and Regional Perspective

Dodge, T. & R. Higgot (2002) Globalization and the Middle East: Islam, economy, society and politics, Chapters 2 & 3
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    Ch.2 – The Middle East and the politics of differential integration

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    Ch.3 – The End of Historical Attachments: Britain’s changing policy towards the Middle East

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Halliday, Fred (1996) Islam and the Myth of Confrontation, Chapter 6

McAlister, Melani (2001) Epic Encounters: Culture, media and US interests in the Middle East, 1945-2000, Chapters 4 & 6
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    Ch.4 – The Good Fight: Israel after Vietnam, 1972-1980

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    Ch.6 – Military Multiculturalism in the Gulf War and After, 1990-1999

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Parsi, Trita (2007) Treacherous Alliance: Culture, media and American interests in the Middle East (University of California Press), Chapter 20

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Gerges, Fawaz (1999) America and Political Islam: Clash of cultures or clash of interests?, Chapters 2-6

Roy, Olivier (2004) Globalized Islam: The search for a new ummah, Chapters 1 & 2
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    Ch.1 – Islam: A passage to the West

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    Ch.2 – Post-Islamism

Recommended Reading

Youngs, Richard (2006) Europe and the Middle East in the Shadow of September 11 (Lynne Reinner)

Norton, A.R. (2007) Hizbullah, A Short History (Princeton: UP)

Cockburn, P. (2008) Muqtada: Muqtada al-Sadr, the Shi-a revival and the struggle for Iraq (Tantor Media)

Tamimi, A. (2007) Hamas: A History from Within (Olive Branch Press)


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Seminar 1

The Arab-Israeli Dispute

Reading

Required Reading

Shlaim, Avi (2000) The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World (Penguin)

Fawcett, L. (ed) International Relations of the Middle East Chapters 11 & 12
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    Ch.11 – The Arab-Israeli Conflict

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    Ch.12 – The Rise and Fall of the Oslo Peace Process

Walt, Stephen (1987) The Origins of Alliances (Cornell UP), Chapters 4-6
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    Ch.4 – From the Six Day War to the Camp David Accords

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    Ch.5 – Balancing and Bandwagoning

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    Ch.6 – Ideology and Alliance Formation

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Brand, Laurie (1995) ‘Palestinians and Jordanians: A crisis of identity,’ Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol.24, No.4, pp.46-61

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Jabotinsky, Vladimir (Ze’ev) (1923) ‘The Iron Wall,’ Jewish Herald, 4 November

Recommended Reading

Pappe, Ilan (2003) A History of Modern Palestine: one land, two peoples (Cambridge: CUP) SEE SIDEBAR


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Seminar 2

The Arab Awakening

Reading

Required Reading

Zoubir, Yahia & Haizam Amirah-Fernandez (2007) North Africa: Politics, region and the limits of transformation (Routledge), Chapters 2 & 4
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    Ch.2 – Policy Reforms in Algeria

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    Ch.4 – Mauritania

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Willis, Michael (2008) ‘Containing Radicalism Through the Political Process in North Africa,’ in Frédéric Volpi, Transnational Islam and Regional Security: Cooperation and diversity between Europe and North Africa (Routledge)

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Barzegar, Kayhan (2011) ‘Iran’s Interests and Values and the “Arab Spring”, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, 20 April, 2011

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Bicchi, Federica & Mary Martin (2008) ‘Talking Tough or Talking Together? European Security discourses toward the Mediterranean,’ in Frédéric Volpi, Transnational Islam and Regional Security: Cooperation and diversity between Europe and North Africa (Routledge)

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Salamé, Ghassan (ed) (1994) Democracy without Democrats? The renewal of politics in the Muslim world, (IB Tauris), Introduction

Tehranian, Majid (2003) Bridging the Gulf: Peacebuilding in West Asia (IB Tauris), Chapters 7 & 10
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    Ch.7 – A Russian Perspective on West Asian Security

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    Ch.10 – The Curse of Oil


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