US Presidents and Foreign Relations

University of Cambridge (2012)

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Course Handbook

Advance Reading

It will be helpful if students cover one or more of the following texts as core reading in advance of the course.

Schulzinger, Robert (2007) US diplomacy since 1900 6th edition (Oxford: OUP)

Mead, Walter Russell (2001) Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and how it changed the world (Knopf)

McDougall, Walter (1997) Promised Land, Crusader State: The American Encounter with the World since 1776 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin)

Paterson, T.G., J Gary Clifford & K.J. Hagan (2005) American foreign relations since 1895 (Houghton Mifflin, brief edition)

Ninkovich, Frank (1999) The Wilsonian Century: U.S. foreign policy since 1900 (Chicago)

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Hogan, Michael J. (ed.) (1999) The Ambiguous Legacy: U.S. Foreign Relations in the “American Century” (Cambridge: CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

Hilsman, Roger (1967) To Move a Nation: The politics of foreign policy under John F. Kennedy Chapter 1: ‘Policymaking is Politics’ (Doubleday)

Greenstein, Fred (2000) The Presidential Difference: Leadership style from FDR to Clinton (Free Press), especially chapters 1 and 13

Neustadt, Richard (1980) Presidential Power and the modern Presidents: The politics of leadership from Roosevelt to Reagan (Free Press) especially Preface, Chapters 1-3 and 10
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    Preface</p

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    1. Leader or Clerk?</p

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    2. Three Cases of Command</p

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    3. The Power to Persuade</p

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    10. Reappraising Power</p

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Reading for Lectures 1-3

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Sewell, Mike (2011) ‘Humanitarian intervention, democracy, and imperialism: The American war with Spain, 1898, and after,’ inn B. Simms & D. Trim (eds.) Humanitarian Intervention: A History (Cambridge: CUP)

Gould, L. (2006) The Spanish-American War and President McKinley (Kansas)

Kramer, Paul A. (2006) The blood of government: Race, empire, the United States and the Philippines (University of North Carolina Press), Chapters 2, 3, 5 and 6

Thompson, John A. (2002) Woodrow Wilson (Longmans), especially Chapters 5-8

Link, Arthur S. (1979) Woodrow Wilson: Revolution, War and Peace (John Wiley & Sons)

Ambrosius, Lloyd E. (1991) Wilsonian Statecraft: Theory and Practice of Liberal Internationalism during World War I (Scholarly Resources)

Tucker, Robert W. (2015) Woodrow Wilson and the Great War: Reconsidering America’s Neutrality, 1914-1917 (University of Virginia Press)

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Kennedy, Ross A. (2001) ‘Woodrow Wilson, World War I and an American Conception of National Security,’ Diplomatic History, No.25

Levin, N. Gordon Jr (1968) Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America’s Response to War and Revolution (New York: OUP), Introduction and Chapter 1
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    Introduction

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    1. War and Revolution: Wilsonianism and Leninism

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Smith, Tony (1994) America‟s Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy in the Twentieth Century (Princeton UP), Chapter 4

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Reading for Lectures 4-6

Doenecke, Justus D. & Mark A. Stoler (2005) Debating Franklin Roosevelt‟s Foreign Policies, 1933-1945 (Roman & Littlefield)

Reynolds, David (2001) From Munich to Pearl Harbor: Roosevelt’s America and the Origins of the Second World War (Ivan R. Dee)

Reynolds, David (2007) From World War to Cold War: Churchill, Roosevelt, and the International History of the 1940s (New York: OUP), Chapters 3,8,9,10,13 and 16

Brinkley, Douglas (ed.) The Atlantic Charter (Palgrave Macmillan), pp. xvii-xviii and Chapters 1-4, 6

Kimball, Warren F. (1994) The Juggler: Franklin Roosevelt as Wartime Statesman (Princeton UP), Chapters I, II, IV, VIII, IX
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    1. The Foreign Policy of Franklin Roosevelt

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    2. Roosevelt Reacts to the German-Soviet War, 1941

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    4. Casablanca: The End of Imperial Rome

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    8. Roosevelt, Churchill and Eastern Europe

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    9. “This Persisent Evangel of Americanism”

Stueck, William (2004) Rethinking the Korean War: A New Diplomatic and Strategic History (Princeton UP)

Immerman, Richard H. (ed.) (1992) John Foster Dulles and the Diplomacy of the Cold War (Princeton UP), Chapters 1,2,5,8 and Conclusion

Hess, Gary (2009) Presidential Decisions for War: Korea, Vietnam and the Persian Gulf (Johns Hopkins UP) Chapters 1 and 3
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    1. Truman and the Korean Crisis

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    3. Johnson and the Vietnam Crisis

Anderson, David L. (ed.) (1993) Shadow on the White House: Presidents and the Vietnam War, 1945-1975 (University of Kansas)

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Reading for Lectures 7 and 8

Melanson, Richard A. (2005) American Foreign Policy since the Vietnam War: The Search for Consensus from Richard Nixon to George W Bush (Routledge)

Dumbrell, John (1997) American Foreign Policy: Carter to Clinton (Palgrave Mcmillan)

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Hess, Gary (2009) Presidential Decisions for War: Korea, Vietnam, the Persian Gulf and Iraq (John Hopkins UP), Chapter 5- Bush and the Persian Gulf Crisis

Halberstam, David (2003) War in a Time of Peace: Bush, Clinton and the Generals (Bloomsbury)

Daalder, Ivo & James M. Lindsay (2005) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy (John Wiley & Sons)

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Seminar 1

Mead, Walter Russell (2002) Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World (Routledge), Chapters 5 and 6
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    5. Wilsonianism and its Mission

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    6. The Jeffersonian Tradition

McDougall, Walter A. (1998) Promised Land, Crusader State (Houghton Mifflin), Chapters 2 and 6
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    2. Unilateralism or Isolationism

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    6. Wilsonianism or Liberal Institutionalism

Ninkovich, Frank (2001) Wilsonian Century: US Foreign Policy Since 1900 (University of Chicago Press), Chapters 1-3

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Seminar 2

Mead, Walter Russell (2001) Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and how it changed the world (Knopf), Chapters 1-3, 8
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    1. The American Foreign Policy Tradition

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    2. The Kaleidoscope of American Foreign Policy

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    3. Changing the Paradigms

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    8. The Rise and Retreat of the New World Order

Clifford, J. Garry & Theodore A. Wilson (eds.) (2007) Presidents, Diplomats and Other Mortals (University of Missouri Press) Articles in Parts II, III and IV
  • Part II
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    1. A Tale of Two Kennans

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    2. Our Man in Managua

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    3. A Friendly Problem

  • Part III
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    1. Blundering on the Brink

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    2. America and Saudi Arabia

  • Part IV
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    1. Eisenhower, Khrushchev and the U-2 Affair

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    2. Lyndon Johnson, Dean Rusk and the China Question

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    3. Scenes of Disaster

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    5. Cinema and National Defense

McDougall, Walter (1997) Promised Land, Crusader State: The American Encounter with the World since 1776 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin), Chapters 7 and 8
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    7. Containment

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    8. Global Meliorism

Ninkovich, Frank (1999) The Wilsonian Century: U.S. foreign policy since 1900 (Chicago), Chapters 4, 8 and Conclusion

Dumbrell, John and D.M. Barrett (1990) The Making of U.S. Foreign Policy: American Democracy and American Foreign Policy (Manchester) Chapters 1,3,4,9 and passim
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    1. The United States and International Politics

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    3. Presidential Foreign Policy

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    4. Executive Branch Foreign Policy

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    9. Two Case Studies and Conclusion

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