Democratization

University of Cambridge (2102)

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Reading

Books and Articles of General Interest

Berg-Schlosser, D. (2007) Democratisation: The state of the art, 2nd edition (OPladen: Barbara Budrich Publishers)

Canfora, L. (2006) Democracy in Europe: History of an ideology (Oxford: Blackwell)

Cunninham, F. (2003) Theories of Democracy (London: Routledge)


Lecture 1

Democracy and Democratization: Conceptual Signposts

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Dunn, John (2005) ‘Why Democracy?’ Chapter 4 (and Preface) of Setting the People Free: the story of democracy (London: Atlantic)

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Keane, John (2009) ‘Bad Moons, Little Dreams,’ Preface to The Life and Death of Democracy (London: Simon & Schuster)

Markoff, J (2006) Waves of Democracy (Pine Forge Press)
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    1. A Quick History of Modern Democracy

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    5. Semidemocracy, Pseudodemocracy, Democracy

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Schmitter, Karl & Lynn (1991) What Democracy Is … and Is Not, Journal of Democracy, Vol.2, No.3 (Summer 1991), pp.75-88

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Tilly, Charles (2007) ‘What is Democracy?’ Chapter 1 in Democracy, Cambridge University Press, pp.1-79 SEE SIDEBAR

Whitehead, Laurence (2002) Democratisation: Theory and Experience (Oxford: OUP) Chapters 1 and 10
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    1. On Democracy and Democratisation

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    10. On Theory and Experience in Democratisation Studies

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Lecture 2

Roads to Democracy: Structures and Processes

Collier, Ruth (1999) Paths Toward Democracy (Cambridge:CUP) SEE SIDEBAR
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    1. Introduction: Elite Conquest or Working-Class Triumph

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    5. Comparing the Patterns: The working class and democratisation

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Markoff, J (1996) ‘Twentieth-Century Pendulum Swings,’ Chapter 4 in Waves of Democracy, pp.71-99

Tilly, Charles (2007) ‘Trust and Distrust’ Chapter 4 in Democracy, (Cambridge: CUP)   SEE SIDEBAR
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    4. Trust and Distrust

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    5. Equality and Inequality

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    6. Power and Public Politics

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Lecture 3

Democratisation as Drama: Actors and Experiences

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Berman, Sheri (2007) The Vain Hope for “Correct” Timing, Journal of Democracy, Vol.18, No.3 (Jul 2007), pp.14-17

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Conway, Martin (2002) Democracy in Postwar Western Europe: the triumph of a political model, European History Quarterly, Vol.32, No.1, pp.59-84

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O’Donnell & Schmitter (2013) ‘Introducing Uncertainty,’ Chapter 1 in Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative conclusions about uncertain democracies (Johns Hopkins University) Press

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Whitehead, Laurence (2002) ‘The Drama of Democratic Transitions,’ Chapter 2 of Democratisation: Theory and Experience, Oxford University Press, pp.36-64

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Wydra, Harald (2010) Emerging Democracies, The Encyclopedia of Political Science, George Kurian (ed.), pp.496-498

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Lecture 4

International Aspects of Waves of Democratisation

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Jáuregui, Pablo (1999) ‘National Pride and the Meaning of “Europe”: a comparative study of Britain and Spain,’ in Whose Europe? The Turn Towards Democracy, by Dennis Smith & Sue Wright (editors),pp.257-287

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Keane, John (2009) ‘Sea Changes’, Chapter in The Life and Death of Democracy (London: Simon & Schuster) pp.648-747

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Schmitter, Philipp C. (2002) ‘The Influence of the International Context Upon the Choice of National Institutions and Policies in Neo-Democracies,’ Chapter 2 of Democratisation: Theory and Experience by Laurence Whitehead, (Oxford: OUP) pp.26-54

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Schmitter & Karl (1994) The Conceptual Travels of Transitologists and Consolidologists: How far to the East should they attempt to go? Slavic Review, Vol.53, No.1 (Spring 1994), pp.173-185

Whitehead, Laurence (2002) Democratisation: Theory and Experience (Oxford: OUP) Chapters 1 and 8
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    1. Three International Dimensions of Democratisation

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    8. On Comparing Democratisation Processes

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Lecture 5

Paradoxes of Democratisation

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Isaac, Jeffrey C. (2000) ‘1989 and the Future of Democracy,’ Chapter 4 of Between Past and Present: the revolutions of 1989 and their aftermath (Central European University Press) pp.39-60

Mann, Michael (2005) The Dark Side of Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)   SEE SIDEBAR
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    3. Two Versions of “We, The People”

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    4. Genocidal Democracies in the New World

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Merkel, Wolfgang (2008) Democracy Through War?, Democratization, Vol.15, No.3 (Jun 2008), pp.487-508

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Thompson, Mark R. (2002) ‘Building Nations and Crafting Democracies: Competing legitimacies in interwar Eastern Europe,’ Chapter 2 of Authoritarianism and Democracy in Europe, 1919-1939, by D. Berg-Schlosser & J. Mitchell (Basingstoke: Macmillan)

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Wydra, Harald (2007), ‘Experiencing Democratic Transformations,’ Chapter 4 of Communism and the Emergence of Democracy (Cambridge: CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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Lecture 6

Cultures of Democracy

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Calhoun, Craig (2007) Nationalism and Cultures of Democracy, Public Culture, Vol.19, No.1, pp.151-173

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Wydra, Harald (2009) ‘The Liminal Origins of Democracy,’ International Political Anthropology, Vol.2, No.1 (2009), pp.91-108

Wöll & Wydra (eds.) (2008) Democracy and Myth in Russia and Eastern Europe
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    1. Democracy in Eastern Europe – myth and reality

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    3. The Power of Second Reality

Extra Readings

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Gorodnichenko & Roland (2015) Culture, Institutions and Democratization, Working Paper 21117, National Bureau of Economic Research

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Gorodnichenko & Roland (2015) Are there Cultural Obstacles to Democratisation?

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Seminar Reading

Seminar 1

The Post-Communist Wave

Richard Anderson et al(2001) Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy, Chapters 1, 2 and 6
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    1. Introduction

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    2. The Rejection of Authoritarianism

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    6. Conclusion

Dryzek & Holmes (2002) Post-Communist Democratisation (Cambridge: CUP) Chapters 1 and 16
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    1. The Discourse of Democratic Transition

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    16. Differences that Matter – and those that do not

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Wydra, Harald (2008) Democratisation as Meaning-Formation: Insights from the Communist experience, International Political Anthropology, Vol.1, No.1 (2008), pp.113-132

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Seminar 2

The Age of Democratic Revolutions

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Shorbagy, Manar (2007) The Egyptian Movement for Change – Kefaya: Redefining politics in Egypt,’ Public Culture, Vol.19, No.1 pp.175-196

Thompson, Mark R. (2004) Democratic Revolutions: Asia and Eastern Europe Chapters 1, 3 and 6
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    1. The Puzzles of Philippine “People Power

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    3. The East German “Wende” as a Democratic Revolution

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    6. Democratic Revolutions and the “Clash of Samuel Huntingtons”

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Seminar 3

Democratic Aspirations

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Afshari & Underwood (2007), The Student Movement’s Struggle, Journal of Democracy, Vol.18, No.4 (Oct 2007), pp.80-94

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Appadurai, Arjun (2997) Hope and Democracy, Public Culture, Vol.19, No.1, pp.29-34

Mernissi, Fatima (2002) Islam and Democracy: Fear of the Modern World (New York: Basic Books) Chapters 1-4
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    1. Fear of the Foreign West

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    2. Fear of the Imam

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    3. Fear of Democracy

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    4. The United Nations Charter

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Tessler & Gao (2005) Gauging Arab Support for Democracy, Journal of Democracy, Vol.16, No.3 (Jul 2005), pp.83-97

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Whitehead, Laurence (2002) ‘On Civil Society,’ Chapter 3 of Democratisation: Theory and Experience (Oxford: OUP) pp.65-89

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Wydra, Harald (2007), ‘The Articulation of Dissidence,’ Chapter 7 of Communism and the Emergence of Democracy (Cambridge: CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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Seminar 4

Exporting Democracy: Chances and Limits

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Carothers, Thomas (2002) The End of the Transition Paradigm, journal of Democracy, Vol.13, No.1 (Jan 2002), pp.5-21

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Diamond, Larry (2008) The Rule of Law Versus the Big Man, Journal of Democracy, Vol.19, No.2 (Apr 2008), pp/138-149

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Hassner, Pierre (2008) Russia’s Transition to Autocracy, Journal of Democracy, Vol.19, No.2 (Apr 2008), pp.5-15

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Sen, Amartya (2001) ‘The Importance of Democracy’ Introduction and Chapter 6 of Development as Freedom, Oxford University Press, pp.3-11 and pp.146-159

Whitehead, Laurence (2002) Democratisation: Theory and Experience (Oxford: OUP) Chapters 14 and 15
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    14. Democratic Regions, Ostracism and Pariahs

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    15. The Enlargement of the European Union: A “Risky” form of democracy promotion

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Seminar 5

Democratisation and the Formation of Political Identities

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Chakrabarty, Dipesh (2007) “In the Name of Politics”: Democracy and the power of the multitude in India, Public Culture, Vol.19, No.1 (2007), pp.35-57

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Keane, John (2009) ‘Under the Banyan Tree’, Chapter in The Life and Death of Democracy (London: Simon & Schuster) pp.585-647

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Markhoff, John (1999) Our “common European Home” – but who owns the house?, Chapter in Whose Europe? The Turn Towards Democracy, by D. Smith and S. Wright (Oxford: Blackwell) pp.21-47

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Offe & Preuss (2006) The Problem of Legitimacy in the European Polity: Is democratisation the answer?  Originally published in The Diversity of Democracy: Corporatism, social order and political conflict, by Colin Crouch & Wolfgang Struck (eds.)

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Seminar 6

Coping with Authoritarian Legacies

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Davis, Eric (2005) The Uses of Historical Memory, Journal of Democracy, Vol.16, No.3 (Jul 2005), pp.54-68

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Posel, Deborah (2008) History as Confession: the case of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Public Culture, Vol.20, No.1, pp.119-141

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Whitehead, Laurence (2002) ‘An Exemplary Case: Chile,’ Chapter 9 of Democratisation: Theory and Experience (Oxford: OUP) pp.213-236

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Wydra, Harald (2007), ‘The Power of Memory,’ Chapter 9 of Communism and the Emergence of Democracy (Cambridge: CUP) SEE SIDEBAR


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