The Cold War

University of Cambridge (2011)

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Course Handbook

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Lecture Notes (Duxford class)


1. The Origins of the Cold War

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Lecture Outline

2. The Cold War Takes Shape, 1945-1950

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Lecture Outline

3. Crises and Co-existence, 1948-1962

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Lecture Outline

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Reading for Lectures 1-3

Documents

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George Kennan’s “Long Telegram”, Moscow, 22 February 1947

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Truman Doctrine Speech, 12 March 1947

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NSC-68 US Objectives and Programs for National Security, 1950

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About NSC-68

Articles

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“X” (1947) The Sources of Soviet Conduct, Foreign Affairs, Vol.65, No.4 (Spring 1987), pp.852-868, authored by George Kennan

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Gaddis, John Lewis (1974) Was the Truman Doctrine a Real Turning Point? Foreign Affairs, Vol.52, No.2 (Jan 1974), pp.386-402

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Gaddis, John Lewis (1977) Reconsiderations: Containment: A Reassessment, Foreign Affairs, Vol.55, No.4 (Jul 1977), pp.873-887

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Kissinger, Henry (1994) Reflections on Containment, Foreign Affairs, Vol.73, No.3 (May-Jun), pp.113-130

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Roberts, Geoffrey (1994) Moscow and the Marshall Plan: Politics, ideology and the onset of the Cold War, 1947, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol.46, No.8 (1994), pp.1371-1386

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Schlesinger, Arthur Jnr. (1967) The Origins of the Cold War, Foreign Affairs, Vol.46, No.1 (Oct 1967), pp.22-52

Books

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Leffler, Melvyn & Odd Arne Westad (2010) The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Volume 1: Origins (Cambridge:CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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Leffler, Melvyn (2007) For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union and the Cold War (Hill & Wang), Sections 1 and 2 SEE SIDEBAR

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Gaddis, John Lewis (1997) We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (Oxford: OUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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Zubok, Vladislav (2009) A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev (North Carolina Press) SEE SIDEBAR

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Larson, D.W. (1997) Anatomy of Mistrust: US-Soviet Relations during the Cold War (Cornell), Chapters 1 and 2: SEE SIDEBAR

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4. The Global Cold War

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Lecture Outline

5. Why Détente?

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Lecture Outline

6. The ‘Second Cold War’

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Lecture Outline

Reading for Lectures 4-6

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Leffler, Melvyn & Odd Arne Westad (2010) The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Volume 2: Crises and Détente (Cambridge:CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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Leffler, Melvyn (2007) For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union and the Cold War (Hill & Wang), Section 3 SEE SIDEBAR

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Zubok, Vladislav (2009) A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev (North Carolina Press), Chapters 1-3: SEE SIDEBAR

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Weldes, J (1999) ‘The Cultural Production of Crises: US Identity and the Missiles in Cuba,’ in Weldes et al, Cultures of Insecurity: States, Communities and the Production of Danger (Minnesota)

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Westad, Odd Arne (2005) The Global Cold War (Cambridge: CUP), Chapters 1-7 SEE SIDEBAR

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Fursenko, A. and T. Naftali (1997) One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro and Kennedy, 1958-1964: The Secret History of the Cuban Missile Crisis (Norton) SEE SIDEBAR

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Gati, C. (2006) Failed Illusions: Moscow, Washington, Budapest and the 1956 Hungarian Revolt (Stanford) SEE SIDEBAR

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Larson, D.W. (1997) Anatomy of Mistrust: US-Soviet Relations during the Cold War (Cornell), Chapters 3 to 5 SEE SIDEBAR

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7. The End of the Cold War

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Lecture Outline

8. Understanding the Cold War

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Lecture Outline

Reading for Lectures 7 and 8

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Leffler, Melvyn & Odd Arne Westad (2010) The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Volume 3: Endings (Cambridge:CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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Leffler, Melvyn (2007) For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union and the Cold War (Hill & Wang), Sections 4 and 5 SEE SIDEBAR

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Grachev, Andrei (2008) Gorbachev’s Gamble: Soviet Foreign Policy and the End of the Cold War (Cambridge: Polity) SEE SIDEBAR


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Seminar 1: The Early Cold War: Perspectives

Reading

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Leffler, Melvyn & Odd Arne Westad (2010) The Cambridge History of the Cold War, Volume 1: Origins (Cambridge:CUP) SEE SIDEBAR

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H-DIPLO Roundtable Review, Vol. XII, No.8, March 2011 of Volume 1 of Leffler & Westad

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Seminar 2: Cold War Summits Reconsidered

Reading

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Reynolds, David (2007) Summits: Six Meetings That Shaped the Twentieth Century (Penguin), Chapters 3-7 SEE SIDEBAR

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Further Reading

The Role of Ideology

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A basic primer on Cold War Ideology

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Bose, Meenekshi (2004) General Eisenhower: Ideology and Discourse, Journal of Cold War Studies, Vol.6, No.3 (Summer 2004) pp.136-138 (Review)

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Citino, Nathan (2012), The ‘Crush’ of Ideologies: the US, the Arab world and Cold War Modernization, Cold War History, Vol.12, No.1, pp.89-110

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Fordham, Benjamin (1998) Economic Interests, Party and Ideology in Early Cold War Era US Foreign Policy, International Organization, Vol.52, No.2 (Spring 1998), pp.359-396

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Gould-Davies, Nigel (1999) Rethinking the Role of Ideology in International Politics During the Cold War, Journal of Cold War Studies, 1.1 (1999) 90-109

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Keith, Ronald C. (2010) Revisiting Ideology’s Role in the Sino-Soviet Split (Book review), Diplomatic History, Vol.34, No. 3 (June 2010)

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Kramer, Mark (1999) Ideology and the Cold War, Review of International Studies, Vol.25, No.4 (Oct 1999), pp.539-576

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Murray & Cowden (1999) The Role of “Enemy Images” and Ideology in Elite Belief Systems, International Studies Quarterly, Vol.43, No.3 (Sep 1999), pp.455-481

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Ninkovich, Frank (1982) Ideology, the Open Door and Foreign Policy, Diplomatic History, Vol.6, No.2 (Spring 1982), pp.185-208

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Nuti, Leopoldo (2002) Book Review: Modernization as Ideology: American social science and ‘nation building’ in the Kennedy era, Journal of Cold War Studies, Vol.4, No.1 (Winter 2002), pp.99-101

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Roberts, Geoffrey (1999) Ideology, Calculation and Improvisation: Spheres of influence and Soviet foreign policy, 1939-1945, Review of International Studies, Vol.25, No.4 (Oct 1999), pp. 655-673

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Ulam, Adam B. (1959) Soviet Ideology and Soviet Foreign Policy, World Politics, Vol.11, No.2 (Jan 1959), pp.153-172

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Wohlforth, William C. (2000) Ideology and the Cold War, International Studies, Vol.26, No.2 (Apr 2000), pp.327-331

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English, Robert D. (2002) Power, Ideas and New Evidence on the Cold War’s End: a reply to Brooks and Wohlforth, International Security, Vol.26, No.4 (Spring 2002), pp.70-92

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The Sino-Soviet Split

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Roberts et al (2010) Mao, Khrushchev and China’s Split with the USSR, Journal of Cold War Studies, Vol.12, No.1 (Winter 2010), pp.120-165


Nuclear Weapons

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MacLeod, Seamus (2011) An Assessment of Gaddis’ Suggestion that MAD Secured a ‘Long Peace’


Détente

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Wenger & Suri (2000) The Nuclear Revolution, Social Dissent and the Evolution of Détente, Patterns of Interaction, 1957-74

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Gaddis, John Lewis (1983) The Rise, Fall and Future of Détente, Foreign Affairs, Vol.62, No.2 (Winter 1983), pp.354-377

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Sonnenfeldt, Helmut (1978) Russia, America and Détente, Foreign Affairs, Vol.56, No.2 (Jan 1978), pp.275-294

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Wallensteen, Peter (1985) American-Soviet Détente: What went wrong? Journal of Peace Research, Vol.22, No.1 (Mar 1985), pp.1-8

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Williams, Phil (1985) Détente and US Domestic Politics, International Affairs, Vol.61, No.3 (Summer 1985), pp.431-447


The ‘Second’ Cold War

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Cox, Michael (1990) Whatever Happened to the ‘Second’ Cold War? Soviet-American Relations: 1980-1988, Review of International Relations, Vol.16, No.2 (Apr 1990), pp.155-172

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The End of the Cold War

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Brzezinksi, Zbigniew (1992) The Cold War and Its Aftermath, Foreign Affairs, Vol.71, No.4 (Fall 1992), pp.31-49

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Clover, Charles (2011), Last Days of the USSR, Financial Times, 19 August 2011

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Collins, Alan R. (1998) GRIT, Gorbachev and the End of the Cold War, Review of International Studies, Vol.24, No.2 (Apr 1998), pp.201-219

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Cortright & Väyrynen (2009), Chapter Four: Lessons from the End of the Cold War, The Adelphi Papers, 49:410, 71-82

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Forsberg, Tuomas (1999) Power, Interests and Trust: Explaining Gorbachev’s choices at the end of the Cold War, Review of International Studies, Vol.25, No.4 (Oct 1999), pp.603-621

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Gaddis, John Lewis (1992) International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War, International Security, Vol.17, No.3 (Winter 1992-93), pp.5-58

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Hopf & Gaddis, John Lewis (1993) Getting the End of the Cold War Wrong, International Security, Vol.18, No.2 (Fall 1993), pp.202-210

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Greenstein, Fred I. (1998) The Impact of Personality on the End of the Cold War: A counterfactual analysis, Political Psychology, Vol.19, No.1 (Mar 1998), pp.1-16

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Lebow, Richard Ned (1994) The Long Peace, the End of the Cold War and the Failure of Realism, International Organization, Vol.48, No.2 (Spring 1994), pp.249-277

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Lebow, Richard Ned (1998) We Still Don’t Know!  Review article of We Now Know by John Lewis Gaddis, Diplomatic History, Vol.22, No.4 (Fall 1998), pp.627-632

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Ralph & Collins (1999) Reviewed Works: Security Dilemmas and the End of the Cold War [with Reply], Review of International Studies, Vol.25, No.4 (Oct 1999), pp.721-725, 727-729

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Schulzinger, Robert D. (1994) The End of the Cold War, 1961-1991, OAH Magazine of History, Vol.8, No.2 (Winter 1994), pp.13-18

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Wohlforth, William C. (1994) Realism and the End of the Cold War, International Security, Vol.19, No.3 (Winter 1994-95), pp.91-129

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Kramer, Mark (2001) Realism, Ideology and the End of the Cold War: A Reply to William WohlforthReview of International Studies, Vol.27, No.1 (Jan 2001), pp.119-130


The Cold War with Hindsight

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Leffler, Melvyn P. (1996) Inside Enemy Archives: The Cold War Reopened, Foreign Affairs, Vol.75, No.4 (Jul-Aug 1996), pp.120-135


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